Organization : High National Elections Commission
Facility : Out of Country Registration and Voting
Country : Libya
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Out of Country Registration and Voting :
After four decades without a working parliament, the citizens of Libya will have the opportunity to elect members of General National Congress, which will replace the current National Transitional Council. The newly elected General National Congress will govern the country until a new constitution is adopted and a parliament is elected under a new charter.
About OCV :
The National Transitional Council (NTC) passed Law No. (4) on February 1, 2012 for the election to select members of the General National Congress. The law provides the legal basis for the conduct of elections, designates the High National Election Commission (HNEC) to organize and manage the electoral process, and sets the foundation for conduct of Out of Country Voting (OCV). The International Organization for Migration (IOM) was requested by the HNEC to support the implementation of the OCV process for the General National Congress in Canada, Germany, Jordan, the United Arab Emirates, the United Kingdom and the United States. Registration and voting will take place in the capitals of the host countries (except in the case of the United Arab Emirates, where registration and voting will take place in Dubai instead of Abu Dhabi) Registration and polling for the OCV process will take place concurrently over a period of 5 days, from 3 July to 7 July 2012. The final day of the OCV process will be the in-country Election Day. The counting process for OCV will commence at the same time as in-country counting process.
Voting Systems :
** The General National Congress includes 200 representatives.
** A majoritarian system will be used to elect 120 representatives and proportional representation system will be used to elect 80 representatives.
** For election purposes, Libya has been divided into constituencies and sub-constituencies.
** All eligible OCV voters will be able to cast their votes for the sub-constituency of their choice.
** HNEC designed special ballot papers for the OCV process one for each type of election.
** The voter, depending on the sub-constituency of her or his choice, will cast either one ballot paper (for a majoritarian or a proportional representation race), or two ballot papers (if the sub-constituency of their choice has both races).
** The ballot papers will not contain the names of individual candidates and political entities; rather, they will contain a table with numbers.
** The voter will need to mark the number in the table corresponding to the number of the individual candidate/political entity as it appears on the in-country ballot paper.
Voter Registration :
Who can register and vote? :
To be registered to vote you must:
** Be a Libyan national
** Be at least 18 years of age before the election
** Be legally competent
** Not be affiliated to the official military institutions
** Not have been convicted of a felony or misdemeanour involving moral turpitude, unless you have been rehabilitated
Voter registration process :
** If you want to register and vote, you must go to the nearest OCV Registration and Polling Centre with documents to prove your nationality and identity.
** The staff of the centre will check your documents and, if they are correct, will write down your details and issue a voter card to you.
** Once you have been issued your voter registration card, you can proceed with voting.
** Eligible Libyan nationals residing in countries where there are no OCV Registration and Polling centres will be able to register and vote, but they must travel to one of the Registration and Polling Centres in any of the six OCV countries during the five-day registration and polling period.
Documents required for registration :
In order to register to vote, you must have documents which prove your identity (who you are) and your nationality (that you are a Libyan citizen).
To establish identity, you must produce one official document which contains your photograph.
This document could be :
a) Family Book containing applicant?¦s photograph;
b) Libyan passport;
c) Personal identification document issued by the Libyan authorities;
d) Libyan National number card;
e) personal identification document issued by authorities of the OCV host country or any other country, as long as it is an official document with a photo.
To establish nationality, you will need to produce:
a. Family Book or a copy of it.
b. Libyan passport.
c. An official document issued by the Civil Status Office or the Consulate (birth certificate or family status certificate).
No person will be allowed to vote in the OCV for the National General Congress Election if such person cannot produce any of the above listed documents.
Each person who wishes to register and vote must do so in person.
What is Out of Country Voting? :
In accordance with Libyan Election Law, the Libyans living abroad have the opportunity to register and vote for the General National Congress Elections.
Who is implementing Out of Country Voting? :
Out of Country Voting (OCV) is being implemented by the International Organization for Migration (IOM) on behalf of the High National Electoral Commission (HNEC) of Libya, which is the constitutional body created by the National Transitional Council to organize and implement elections in Libya. All decisions, regulations, procedures, materials, and ballots will be approved by the HNEC in Tripoli.
Where will Out of Country Voting take place? :
HNEC selected six countries in which Out of Country Voting will be conducted: Canada, Germany, Jordan, the UAE, the UK and the USA. The OCV operation will take place in the capital cities of the selected countries, except in the case of United Arab Emirates where the OCV will take place in Dubai.
Can I vote at the same time that I register Out of Country? :
Yes, due to the short time frame and the cost and distance of travel for Out of Country voters, the High National Electoral Commission has decided that voters will be able to register and vote at the same time, so that only one trip to a registration and polling centre will be necessary.
Can Libyans who are living outside of Libya come back to Libya to vote? :
Yes, but only if they have registered to vote. Voter Registration in Libya ended on May 21. Once registered, voters will have to return to vote in the same location.
When will Out of Country Voting take place? :
Out of Country Voting will take place over a five (5) day period that will end on the same date as the Election Day in Libya. Daily hours of operation will be published on the HNEC website.
Who can vote OCV? :
To be registered to vote Out of Country, you must be a Libyan national and at least 18 years of age at the time of voting.
To establish identity, one of the following photographic documents must be presented:
** Libyan Family Book containing your photograph, or
** Libyan passport, or
** Personal identification document issued by the Libyan authorities, or
** Libyan National Number Card, or
** Any official photo ID.
To establish nationality, you will need to produce a :
** Family Book or copy of the Family Book, or
** Official document issued by the Libyan Civil Registry Office, or
** Libyan passport.