Organisation : Northern Territory Electoral Commission
Facility : Postal Vote Application
Country : Australia
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Download Application Form : https://www.electionin.org/uploads/747-LAF4%20Postal%20vote%20app.pdf
Home Page : http://www.ntec.nt.gov.au/
WITNESSING AN APPLICATION :
An authorised witness can be:
** within Australia or external Territory – a person enrolled on the Commonwealth electoral roll
overseas – a person who is at least 18 years old.
A witness must:
** be satisfied as to the identity of the applicant and that the statements contained in the application are true
** see the applicant sign the application.
The Commission requires the information on this form to issue you with postal voting papers. Failure to provide the information in full or in part may result in a postal voting paper not being issued. Applications for postal votes are available for public inspection at the offices of the Commission for 14 days from, and including, the fourth day after the results of the election have been declared.
LODGING YOUR APPLICATION :
Your application MUST be received by the Commission:
** By 6pm four days before polling day for postal voting papers to be sent to an overseas address or
** By 6pm two days before polling day for postal voting papers to be sent to an address within Australia.
You can fax the completed application to Darwin (08) 8999 7630 or Alice Springs (08) 8952 4216, scan and e-mail to email@example.com or post or hand deliver to the offices of the Commission:
DARWIN Head Office :
Level 3 TCG Centre 80
GPO Box 2419 Darwin NT 0801
Phone: (08) 8999 5000 Fax: (08) 8999 7630
ALICE SPRINGS :
Suite 3, Yeperenye Centre Gregory Terrace (next to Commonwealth Bank)
PO Box 2304
Alice Springs NT 0871
Phone: (08) 8951 5971 Fax: (08) 8952 4216
Note: Any person eligible for a postal vote may instead cast an early vote in person at an early voting centre.
Voting Systems :
There are many different types of voting systems in use around the world. Some of the most commonly used are described below.
First past the post :
The first past the post system is the simplest method of voting – the candidate who polls the highest number of votes is elected. This system is easy to understand and the result of the election may be quickly determined. It can be used in elections for one or more vacancies. The elector marks his/her vote on the ballot paper by placing a tick or a cross in the square opposite the names of a number of candidates, not more than the number required to be elected. The system is criticised because the candidate(s) elected may not be preferred by the majority of electors. Candidates can be elected with less than 50% of the formal vote. In an election where two or more factions contest the election, it is also possible that one faction will fill all vacant seats.
Preferential voting :
The object of preferential voting is to ensure that the candidate(s) most preferred by the voters are elected to fill the vacancies. A candidate must receive an absolute majority of votes (more than 50%) to be elected.
The major disadvantages of any preferential system are :
** The percentage of informal votes is generally higher, and
** Electors may be required to express preferences for unknown candidates.
There are a range of systems to conduct elections using preferential voting.
Preferential voting to fill one vacancy :
An elector must mark the ballot paper by placing the number 1 in the square opposite the name of the most preferred candidate and the numbers 2, 3, 4 and so on in the squares opposite the names of remaining candidates. In a full preferential system the voter must allocate a number to every candidate. In an optional preferential system the voter is only required to mark at least one first preference and may mark further preferences. Partial preferences may be required if the number of preferences marked must equal a specified minimum or at least the number of vacancies to be filled. A candidate must receive an absolute majority (more than 50%) of the formal votes to be elected under this system. Where no candidate has an absolute majority, the candidate who has the lowest number of votes is excluded from the count and his/her ballot papers are transferred to the candidate next in order of the voter’s choice as indicated on the ballot papers. The process of excluding candidates and transferring ballot papers continues until one candidate has an absolute majority.
In the Northern Territory full preferential voting is used in :
** Federal elections for the House of Representatives, and
** Legislative Assembly elections.
Exhaustive preferential for more than one vacancy :
This system is very similar to the preferential voting system to fill one vacancy as described above. The ballot paper is completed in the same way and the process to fill the first vacancy is the same. The second vacancy is filled by re-sorting all ballot papers to their first preference. The first elected candidate is then excluded and his/her votes are transferred to the candidate next in order of the voter’s choice. All votes have a value of 1. If no candidate has an absolute majority, the process of excluding candidates and transferring ballot papers continues until one candidate has an absolute majority. This process then continues until all vacancies are filled. This vote counting system was used in Northern Territory local government elections until 2012.
Bottoms-up preferential for more than one vacancy :
Electors mark their ballot paper in the same way as for the preferential voting system to fill one vacancy, as described above. The candidate who has the lowest number of votes is excluded from the count and the ballot papers are transferred to the candidate next in order of the voter’s choice. The process of excluding candidates and transferring ballot papers continues until the number of candidates remaining in the count equals the number of vacancies to be filled. The advantage of the bottoms-up preferential system over the exhaustive preferential system is that there is a lower probability that one faction would fill all vacancies.
Proportional representation for more than one vacancy :
** Candidates are elected in proportion to the number of votes they poll.
** Generally, proportional representation (PR) is used in elections for more than one vacancy.
** It is more complex than other systems and results may take longer to finalise.
** An elector must mark the ballot paper by placing the number 1 in the square opposite the name of the most preferred candidate and the numbers 2, 3, 4 and so on in the squares opposite the names of remaining candidates.
** The elector may be required to express a preference for all candidates or may be required to express a preference for a certain number of candidates, usually for at least the number required to be elected.
** Candidates are elected when they have reached a quota, that is, a predetermined proportion or percentage of the total number of formal votes cast.
** Any candidate who polls a number of votes equal to or greater than the quota is elected.
** Any votes above the quota are transferred to the candidate next in order of the voter’s choice at a fraction of their value (known as the transfer value).
** The transfer value is determined by dividing the number of votes above the quota (the surplus) by the total number of votes polled by the candidate.
** If vacancies remain unfilled, the candidate with the fewest votes is excluded from the count and all ballot papers held by the excluded candidate are distributed to the remaining candidates.
** The ballot papers are transferred at the transfer value they were received by the excluded candidate.
** This process is repeated until all vacancies are filled.
** The system allows the involvement of groups in the electoral process and ensures that their representation is in proportion to the number of votes received.
** That is, if a group obtains 20% of the formal vote they are likely to fill 20% of the vacant seats.
** This system is used in elections for the Australian Senate and NT Council Elections