Organisation : Central election commission of the Republic of Uzbekistan
Facility : Voter Registration
Territory : Uzbekistan
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** All citizens of the Republic of Uzbekistan shall have the right to participate in the management and administration of public and state affairs, both directly and through representation. They may exercise this right though participation in referendums, electing the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan and representative bodies of the power.
** All citizens of the Republic of Uzbekistan shall have equal rights and freedoms, and shall be equal before the law, without discrimination by sex, race, nationality, language, religion, social origin, convictions, individual and social status.
** All citizens of the Republic of Uzbekistan are guaranteed the equal right to vote. Every citizen shall have only one vote. All citizens of the Republic of Uzbekistan under the age of 18 shall be eligible to vote.
** Any citizen of the Republic of Uzbekistan who has reached the age of 35, is in full command of the state language and has permanently resided in Uzbekistan for at least 10 years, immediately preceding the elections, shall be eligible for the post of President of the Republic of Uzbekistan.
** All citizens of the Republic of Uzbekistan who have reached the age of 25 by election day and permanently residing in Uzbekistan for at least 5 years, shall be eligible for election to the Oliy Majlis of the Republic of Uzbekistan.
** All citizens of the Republic of Uzbekistan who have reached the age of 25 by election day and permanently residing in Uzbekistan for at least 5 years, shall be eligible for election to the Senate of the Oliy Majlis of the Republic of Uzbekistan, Jokargi Kenes of the Republic of Karakalpakstan and representative bodies of power in places.
** All citizens of the Republic of Uzbekistan who have reached the age of 21 by election day and permanently residing in Uzbekistan for at least 5 years, shall be eligible for election to the local representative bodies of power.
** All citizens of the Republic of Uzbekistan shall have rights to participate in referendums, elections of the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan and representative bodies of the power irrespective of their location.
** Voters shall have the right to freedom of expression and secret ballot. The local election commissions, organizing the vote in specially allocated premises, shall provide opportunities for citizens to free and secret expression.
** Control over the will of voters is prohibited.
** Each voter could be included only in one list of voters.
** Voters are provided in advance to see a list of voters in the premises of the local election commission.
** The voter has the right to disclaim a polling station over the error or inaccuracies in the voter list. Polling station shall check the statement and either remove the error or provide the applicant a certificate of a reasoned rejection of the claim within twenty-four hours.
How to make use of this constitutional right? :
To do this it is essential :
** to know of those candidates for deputies or political parties who You are going to vote for, and of their election programs;
** to know the procedure of voting and
** to think seriously – now as an adult person – over what the path of Uzbekistan should be like, what sort of a country You would like to live in, and who – and as humanely as possible – is capable of doing so by their actions and efforts.
** To be sure, by the passage of years You will garner the experience of making such decisions, yet to meet this challenge for the first time You will need to prepare a little.
** Because that should be a choice of Your own, a choice for which You bear a civic responsibility and for consequences of which there will be no one to be blamed.
** Elections are the core element of democratic forms of government.
** The right of citizens for participation in shaping the government institutions is a universally acknowledged constituent of the contemporary society.
** Participation in elections is not merely the vital constitutional right, but it is also an occasion that requires political responsibility from its participants for their actions.
** In its turn, the responsibility for political decisions taken shapes the political and law culture of the elected and the electorate.
** And now let’s discuss how citizens of a country influence the government through the means of elections.
** Article 9 of the Constitution of the Republic of Uzbekistan stipulates that the most critical issues in society and government are submitted to the discussion of the nation, put on the nationwide vote (referendum).
** The constitutional right to elect and be elected is fixed by provisions of the Law of the Republic of Uzbekistan on Guarantees of Electoral Suffrage of Citizens.
** Let’s now turn to the nature of democratic elections that, in accordance with the Constitution of Uzbekistan, are held on the basis of universal, equal and direct franchise with secret ballot.
** The principle of universal suffrage guarantees the citizens of the Republic of Uzbekistan the right to elect and be elected upon reaching the age established by the law.
** Those citizens assigned by the court as legally incapable as well as those persons held in prisons under the verdict of the court are not eligible to be elected and to take part in elections.
** In any other cases, direct or indirect restriction of the suffrage of citizens is inadmissible.
** The name of each voter eligible for active electoral right is included in the list of voters (electoral roll) of a polling station.
** There is an opportunity to vote earlier if You cannot cast ballot on the election day at Your polling station.
** The principle of equal suffrage means that citizens of the Republic of Uzbekistan, irrespective of gender, racial and ethnic descent, language, attitude to religion, social origin, beliefs, personal and social status, education, type and nature of occupation, have equal electoral right.
** The principle of direct suffrage implies that a hundred and thirty five deputies of the Legislative Chamber are elected by citizens straightforwardly.
** The principle of secret ballot guarantees that voting is free and secret. Control of the expression of will of the voters is precluded.
** Polling booths for secret ballot are installed in every polling station.
** Nobody has the right to influence Your choice.
** You have no right to pass Your ballot sheet and ballot paper on to anyone else to vote.